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RStudio-Server install with Anaconda

Setting up RStudio-Server with the `ezj -R` function on Atmosphere

Recently we set up a ez script which is executed in the terminal or web shell to install Anaconda3 with Jupyter Notebook. One of the features is to install R kernel with Jupyter. It also installs r-essentials with numerous common R packages.

  1. Be sure to run ezj -R first. Reference documentation above if you have not. To set up RStudio-Server with the conda installation of R you need to set up the bash profile.
  • Add anaconda3 to your path

export PATH="/opt/anaconda3/bin:$PATH"

  • Change ownership of the /opt/anaconda3/ directory

sudo chown ${USER}:iplant-everyone /opt/anaconda3/ -R

  • Add a path to your ~/.bash_profile:

echo "export RSTUDIO_WHICH_R='/opt/anaconda3/bin/R'" >> ~/.bash_profile


You will need to exit and restart your terminal for these to take effect

  1. Install RStudio-Server using the latest version


This will fail on the first try:

user_name@128:/home$ sudo gdebi rstudio-server-1.0.143-amd64.deb
Reading package lists... Done
Building dependency tree
Reading state information... Done
Reading state information... Done

RStudio Server
RStudio is a set of integrated tools designed to help you be more productive with R. It includes a console, syntax    highlighting editor that supports direct code execution, as well as tools for plotting, history, and workspace management.
Do you want to install the software package? [y/N]:y
(Reading database ... 136874 files and directories currently installed.)
 Preparing to unpack rstudio-server-1.0.143-amd64.deb ...
 Unpacking rstudio-server (1.0.143) over (1.0.143) ...
 Setting up rstudio-server (1.0.143) ...
 useradd: user 'rstudio-server' already exists
 groupadd: group 'rstudio-server' already exists
 rsession: no process found
 Created symlink from /etc/systemd/system/multi-user.target.wants/rstudio-server.service to /etc/systemd/system/rstudio- server.service.
 Job for rstudio-server.service failed because the control process exited with error code. See "systemctl status rstudio- server.service" and "journalctl -xe" for details.
 ● rstudio-server.service - RStudio Server
 Loaded: loaded (/etc/systemd/system/rstudio-server.service; enabled; vendor preset: enabled)
 Active: active (running) since Sat 2017-05-13 09:30:40 MST; 13ms ago
   Process: 2226 ExecStop=/usr/bin/killall -TERM rserver (code=exited, status=1/FAILURE)
   Process: 2233 ExecStart=/usr/lib/rstudio-server/bin/rserver (code=exited, status=0/SUCCESS)
  Main PID: 2236 (rserver)
  Tasks: 3
  Memory: 824.0K
    CPU: 10ms
 CGroup: /system.slice/rstudio-server.service
         └─2236 /usr/lib/rstudio-server/bin/rserver

 May 13 09:30:40 xxx.xxx.xx.xxx systemd[1]: rstudio-server.service: Service hold-off time over, scheduling restart.
 May 13 09:30:40 xxx.xxx.xx.xxx systemd[1]: Stopped RStudio Server.
 May 13 09:30:40 xxx.xxx.xx.xxx systemd[1]: Starting RStudio Server...
 May 13 09:30:40 xxx.xxx.xx.xxx systemd[1]: Started RStudio Server.
 May 13 09:30:40 xxx.xxx.xx.xxx rserver[2236]: ERROR Unable to find an installation of R on the system (which R didn't return  va...pp:472
 May 13 09:30:40 xxx.xxx.xx.xxx systemd[1]: rstudio-server.service: Main process exited, code=exited, status=1/FAILURE
 Hint: Some lines were ellipsized, use -l to show in full.
  1. Modify /etc/rstudio/rserver.conf

    sudo sh -c 'echo "rsession-which-r=/opt/anaconda3/bin/R" >> /etc/rstudio/rserver.conf'

  2. Restart RStudio-Server

    sudo rstudio-server start

  3. Log into RStudio-Server

    • Copy the IP address for the VM from the Atmosphere browser window.
    • Paste the IP address into a new browser window
    • add :8787 port # to the IP address
    • Log in using your CyVerse Username and Password.

Installing Packages for R and RStudio-Server


Because we are using Anaconda3, it is suggested that you use conda to install your R packages from a terminal


conda install -c r r-raster

conda install -c conda-forge gdal


This documentation is intended for use with CyVerse Atmosphere featured images. It has been tested on Ubuntu 16.04 and Centos 6.8 images.

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